Kouign-Amann (makes 12)
 
Ingredients
  • For the dough -
  • 2 tbsp (30g) European style better, melted and cooled plus an extra tablespoon for greasing
  • 1 tbsp (10g) dry active yeast
  • 3 cups (400g) plain all purpose flour
  • 3 tbsp (40g) sugar
  • 1tsp salt
  • For the butter block -
  • 12 oz (340g) European style butter, cut into cubes and chilled
  • ½ cup (100g) sugar
  • 1tsp salt
  • Additional ingredients for final assembly -
  • ¾ cup (150g) sugar
  • nonstick cooking oil spray
Instructions
  1. Make the dough -
  2. Whisk yeast and warm water in a large bowl and set aside for about five minutes until the yeast is activated and the liquid turns foamy.
  3. Grease the inside of another large bowl with some of the melted cooled butter and set aside.
  4. Once the yeast is activated, add the flour, sugar, salt and melted butter to the bowl.
  5. Mix to form a shaggy dough. Turn it out onto a lightly floured surface and knead for about five minutes until the dough is soft and elastic.
  6. Place the dough in the greased bowl. Turn it around to coat with butter. Cover the bowl with cling film and place in a warm spot for about an hour or so until the dough doubles in size.
  7. Once the dough has risen, remove the cling film, knock it back and lightly knead a few times. Cover the bowl once again and place in the refrigerator for the second proofing for another hour.
  8. After an hour, turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and pat into a small square about 6"x 6". Wrap in cling film and place in freezer for the dough to chill for about 30-35 minutes.
  9. Make the butter block -
  10. In a stand mixer or using a hand held electric whisk, beat together the ingredients listed for the butter block on low speed for about 3-4 minutes.
  11. Turn the butter out onto the center of a large piece of parchment paper (I actually taped together two normal sized pieces of parchment to get a big one).
  12. Scrape it into a rough rectangle about 12" x 6". wrap up the butter in the parchment paper. Roll it gently with a rolling pin to push out any air pockets and create an even thickness.
  13. Chill butter block in refrigerator for about 25-30 minutes.
  14. Making the turns -
  15. Roll out chilled dough on a lightly floured surface to a rectangle about 19" x 7".
  16. Place the butter block on the upper half of the rectangle.
  17. Fold the lower half of the dough up and over the lower half of the butter block.
  18. Fold the upper half of butter and dough over lower half. At this point, the butter should bend and not break. Press edges of the dough to seal.
  19. Rotate the package 90 degrees counterclockwise so the seam is to your right.
  20. Roll out dough to a 24" x 8" rectangle with uniform thickness, about ⅜" thick. Dust the rolling pin and dough with flour whenever it gets too sticky.
  21. Fold rectangle in thirds as mentioned above. Wrap in clingfilm and chill in freezer for 30 minutes before moving it to the refrigerator for another hour. This completes the first turn.
  22. After the dough has been adequately chilled, roll it out again to a rectangle, about 24" x 8" in size.
  23. Fold into thirds and rotate 90 degrees counterclockwise and roll out again into a 24" x 8" rectangle. This completes the second and third turns.
  24. Sprinkle the surface of the dough with 2tbsp sugar and fold into thirds. Lightly dust with flour, wrap in cling film and chill in freezer for 30 minutes and then in the refrigerator for an hour.
  25. Final Steps -
  26. Place the dough on a lightly floured surface with the seam to your right. Roll it out to a rectangle a little larger than 16" x 12". Trim it to to 16" x 12" and cut into 12 squares. Brush off excess flour from the surface of the dough.
  27. Coat the muffin tins and/or ramekins with the oil spray and set aside.
  28. Sprinkle squares with ¼ cup sugar. Press lightly so it sticks to the surface. Turn them over and repeat the process.
  29. To shape the pastries, lift corners of each square and press into the center.
  30. Transfer to the prepared tins and chill in the refrigerator for at least 8 hours or up to 12 hours for the final proofing.
  31. When the dough is ready to be baked, preheat the oven to 375F/190C.
  32. Sprinkle the top of the pastries with another 2tbsp of sugar.
  33. Place the tins in the oven and bake for 25-30 minutes or until the sugar has caramelized and the pastries are a lovely deep golden brown in color.
Recipe by A Plate of Good Food at https://aplateofgoodfood.com/kouign-amann-the-queen-of-all-pastries/